Python Vs Java: Which One Programming Language Is Best For You?
Java and Python are the two most popular programming languages today. While Java has been the most sought after programming language since its release in 1995, Python is also steadily rising its popularity year after year.
Though Java beats Python from the speed and concurrency point of view, there are also some areas like the size of code, simplicity, etc. in which Python takes the upper hand.
In this post, we will discuss the Major Differences Between Java and Python Programming
WHAT IS JAVA?
Java is a high-level cross-platform, object-oriented multipurpose programming language. It is one of the most popular programming languages and uses the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) to allow computers to run java programs across multi-platforms. It will enable developers to write code once and run anywhere, which is a significant selling point of the language. To learn JAVA, you can join best java online training course.
WHAT IS PYTHON?
Python is a high-level object-oriented easy to use programming language. It lets you work rapidly and integrates systems efficiently. Guido van Rossum created Python, and it was first released in 1991. Python is dynamic and supports multiple programming paradigms, including OOP, functional programming, and Procedural programming. To learn Python, you can join best python online course.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN JAVA AND PYTHON
Both Python and Java compile bytecode and execute in virtual machines. However, Python generally compiles code at runtime whereas Java does it in advance & distributes the bytecode. Thanks to a just-in-time compiler, that converts all Java code into native code quickly, this significantly enhances performance.
Java has more refactoring support because of static typing and the universal IDEs it has. Java is more popular for mobile and web applications.
Python, on the other hand, is more in the talent field and is mostly popular in machine learning, IoT and AI fields.
In Java, a simple task like reading a file consists of importing too many classes and writing a class to read the contents of the file. In Python, on the other hand, it’s just two lines that can read the file for you.
AI and Machine Learning Support
Python being syntactically easy and full-fledged general-purpose language is the most popular language in the field of machine and Artificial intelligence. Most of the AI and machine learning applications are developed in Python.
Java is also used in AI and machine learning fields but not as much as Python.
Java finds most of its applications developed in mobile, web and finance fields. Python is mostly used in the field of IoT, machine learning and Artificial Intelligence.
Java’s more verbose style of coding and its history in the enterprise applications fields make its legacy systems larger and numerous.
Python, on the other hand, has fewer legacy problems. Thus, the organization finds it difficult for the script to copy and paste the code.
The latest trends show that Java is still the most popular language in all fields. Python, however, has shown astronomical growth and is still marching ahead.
Jobs and Salary
As far as Java and Python are concerned, there is no clear distinction between the two in terms of jobs and salary. While Java is holding its ground firmly as far as the demand for jobs goes, Python’s demand has gone up exponentially in recent years.
As long as you have decent expertise in any one of the languages, you get a decent hike in your salary. Java has been around for a long time and java developers have a good hold over industry especially the enterprise.
But when it comes to AI and machine learning industry, then companies prefer Python developers to Java. So in the future, if a trend is set for AI and machine learning, then we can expect many more jobs in Python.
Read More:Python Vs PHP: Which Is Better and Why?
CONCLUSION: WHICH LANGUAGE TO USE?
We can now say that Java is older, matured, faster and also a concurrent programming language. Python, on the other hand, is the latest, slower and non-concurrent language.
Java is popular in mobile and web application development. Also for parallel programming and database applications, Java is the first choice for programmers. Python has weaker database connectivity and also does not support concurrent operations.
Thus, based on this comparison, you can decide the language you are going to use depending on the project requirements.